Architectural and Civil Drafters

Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Use knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.

Skills Required

Holland Code: Realistic - for practical people who like hands-on activities and building

Realistic - for practical people who like hands-on activities and building

Are you practical and like hands-on activities and building?


  • Analyze building codes, by-laws, space and site requirements, and other technical documents and reports to determine their effect on architectural designs.
  • Operate computer-aided drafting (CAD) equipment or conventional drafting station to produce designs, working drawings, charts, forms, and records.
  • Draw rough and detailed scale plans for foundations, buildings, and structures, based on preliminary concepts, sketches, engineering calculations, specification sheets, and other data.
  • Lay out and plan interior room arrangements for commercial buildings, using computer-assisted drafting (CAD) equipment and software.
  • Supervise, coordinate, and inspect the work of draftspersons, technicians, and technologists on construction projects.
  • Create freehand drawings and lettering to accompany drawings.
  • Reproduce drawings on copy machines or trace copies of plans and drawings, using transparent paper or cloth, ink, pencil, and standard drafting instruments.
  • Build landscape, architectural, and display models.
  • Coordinate structural, electrical, and mechanical designs and determine a method of presentation to graphically represent building plans.

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Minimum Level of Education Required

Associate's Degree

There are multiple education and training pathways to prepare for this career. In addition to credentials, employer sponsored training, on-the-job training, and other types of experience can help you get the skills and knowledge you need to be successful.